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Category Archives:

Lighting in the home by type

alumbrado-tipo

electricidad-noSOURCE:

lX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010
of  1 to 7 of december 2010
Características de la Vivienda y del Hogar
VOLUMEN II
Santo Domingo
October 2012

From the figures of the above data table we note that 4.4% of the population is not connected to the grid.

But where it is obviously more distressing is to see that this figure rises to 12.3%, more than 83,000 homes without electricity in rural areas, with 4 provinces between 20% and 32% without service.

We recall that the combustion of propane, kerosene and diesel power plants produce harmful gases. Small power plants (for this segment of the poorest population) are simple, low efficiency, noisy and with untreated gas emissions, which aggravates the impact of the environment.

We present below an excerpt on the subject of:
Socioeconomic Household Survey 2012
SIUBEN 2012
QUALITY OF LIFE, Home Lighting pages 146 and 147

“Access to electricity in the home is one of the most important indicators for the development of the Quality of Life Index, therefore, in modern society it is essential to have this permanent service to better perform household tasks and in their relationships with the community.

This basic service is related to multiple social and economic aspects that highlight its importance. Good access to electricity not only symbolizes an increase in the welfare of citizens by the fact of providing home lighting is also important in environmental aspects regarding the correct generation and use of energy for the society. In the economic aspect, it contributes to the optimization of production processes of enterprises and households. The PNPSP 2013-2016, notes the importance of multiple aspects to promote the development of the electrical sector and thus contribute to a good access of electricity nationwide.

The guidelines to be followed by the Plan are to ensure a reliable supply of electricity at competitive prices and in conditions of financial and environmental sustainability; promote the diversification of the power generation matrix, with emphasis on the exploitation of renewable sources and less environmental impact, such as solar and wind; strengthen legal security, institutional and regulatory framework for the electricity sector to ensure the establishment of competitive rates and encourage investment and the development of the sector; plan and promote the development of infrastructure for generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, operating standards of service quality and reliability established by the rules; promote rigorous implementation of environmental regulation in the electricity generation oriented to the adoption of sustainable management practices and mitigation of climate change; develop a civic culture of payment for electricity, based on improving the quality and credibility of the consumption measurement system, billing and collection, to convert all electricity users in registered customers and promote civic and business culture of energy efficiency, by inducing practices of rational use of electricity and promoting the use of equipment and processes to lower energy use or better use of energy.

These guidelines will help improve the supply of electricity in homes, optimize resources, contribute to sustainable development and increase the quality of life of people.”

 

Sanitary service in homes

servicio-sanitario-tipos-2

servicio-sanitario-compartido

servicio-sannitario-no

Access to sanitary system refers to the availability of adequate and sufficient to remove human waste matter and promote proper proper hygiene conditions. This basic service has a major impact on the level of health and welfare of home dweller and the environment in general. Therefore, to have a latrine only or not having any sanitary system equates to a source of infection and disease for the population, particularly those most vulnerable such as children under 5 years.

A good sanitary system is one that is connected to a septic tank or a sewage system to remove human waste matter and avoid diseases because of bad treatment. However, there is still a significant number of households using latrines or in the worst cases, housing does not have any type of sanitary system.

The use of latrines installed on mountains flanks, cliffs, canyons and rivers edges allows feces to reach the waters of rivers, contaminated them.

24% of the population uses latrines and 6% do not have any sanitary system.

 

Garbage and ways for its disposal

basura-eliminacion-tipo

SOURCE:
IX National Census of Population and Housing 2010, from 1 to 7 December 2010, Characteristics of Housing and Home,
VOLUME II, Santo Domingo, October 2012

The above data table is quite concerning, to see that 641,751 families or 24% of all families in the country has a way of disposing of domestic waste (emphasis on the word domestic) so as to harm the environment and the very health of these families. Burning garbage pollutes the air and causes health problems for all who are exposed to their fumes, and burning plastic products produce fumes that are extremely harmful. Informal landfills contaminate aquifers and sub-soil, drinking water sources and rivers. Garbage thrown in rivers and streams cause even more immediate and damage.

Again poverty and lack of education are the main factors, but municipal, provincial and national governments have been negligent in providing solutions for these segments of the population.

From the same data table, knowing that 75% of the waste is collected by a municipality or private enterprise is not synonymous to responsible disposal. We know that most landfills at the national level do not meet the minimum standard of environmental protection.

Consultation details about:

Current status of final disposal (Spanish only)

Situación actual de disposición final

Is this an example of good practice?

Household cooking fuel

combustible-de-cocinar-tipos

When viewing the statistics it can be seen that among households using charcoal and firewood in total they represent 11.5% of all households, or more than 300 thousand families! This high percentage is in line with still very high levels of poverty. In addition to the health problems caused by the fumes breathed in by these householders, the impact on the environment includes the continuation of the de-forestation and air pollution. The solution is directly linked to poverty reduction. (Comment INSAPROMA)

combustibles-solidos-para-cocinar

SOURCE:
lX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010
of  1 to 7 of december 2010
Características de la Vivienda y del Hogar
VOLUMEN II
Santo Domingo
October 2012

 

Here is an excerpt on the subject produced in:

Socioeconomic Household Survey 2012
SIUBEN 2012
QUALITY OF LIFE, cooking fuel, page 153

“In the Dominican Republic, fuels used for cooking food primarily are gas, coal, firewood and electricity. The quality of life levels are associated with this variable and focus on that, depending on the fuel used, the levels of pollution vary.

The PNPSP 2013 – 2016 highlights the importance of access to good fuel system nationwide through the Specific Objective No. 17, which points to the fact ensuring a reliable supply of fuel, diversified, competitive prices and foments environmental sustainability. Similar to the access to electricity, this service is closely related to the environment, so good access, apart from contributing to increasing the quality of life, strongly influences the environmental situation in the country. “