lX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010
of 1 to 7 of december 2010
Características de la Vivienda y del Hogar
From the figures of the above data table we note that 4.4% of the population is not connected to the grid.
But where it is obviously more distressing is to see that this figure rises to 12.3%, more than 83,000 homes without electricity in rural areas, with 4 provinces between 20% and 32% without service.
We recall that the combustion of propane, kerosene and diesel power plants produce harmful gases. Small power plants (for this segment of the poorest population) are simple, low efficiency, noisy and with untreated gas emissions, which aggravates the impact of the environment.
We present below an excerpt on the subject of:
Socioeconomic Household Survey 2012
QUALITY OF LIFE, Home Lighting pages 146 and 147
“Access to electricity in the home is one of the most important indicators for the development of the Quality of Life Index, therefore, in modern society it is essential to have this permanent service to better perform household tasks and in their relationships with the community.
This basic service is related to multiple social and economic aspects that highlight its importance. Good access to electricity not only symbolizes an increase in the welfare of citizens by the fact of providing home lighting is also important in environmental aspects regarding the correct generation and use of energy for the society. In the economic aspect, it contributes to the optimization of production processes of enterprises and households. The PNPSP 2013-2016, notes the importance of multiple aspects to promote the development of the electrical sector and thus contribute to a good access of electricity nationwide.
The guidelines to be followed by the Plan are to ensure a reliable supply of electricity at competitive prices and in conditions of financial and environmental sustainability; promote the diversification of the power generation matrix, with emphasis on the exploitation of renewable sources and less environmental impact, such as solar and wind; strengthen legal security, institutional and regulatory framework for the electricity sector to ensure the establishment of competitive rates and encourage investment and the development of the sector; plan and promote the development of infrastructure for generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, operating standards of service quality and reliability established by the rules; promote rigorous implementation of environmental regulation in the electricity generation oriented to the adoption of sustainable management practices and mitigation of climate change; develop a civic culture of payment for electricity, based on improving the quality and credibility of the consumption measurement system, billing and collection, to convert all electricity users in registered customers and promote civic and business culture of energy efficiency, by inducing practices of rational use of electricity and promoting the use of equipment and processes to lower energy use or better use of energy.
These guidelines will help improve the supply of electricity in homes, optimize resources, contribute to sustainable development and increase the quality of life of people.”